Technological advances cause important changes in all aspects of life, including education. Technological advances in education allow for the creation of a learning environment in which students are surrounded by a variety of learning resources and electronic learning services. This situation causes learning patterns to shift from what used to be “paper-pencil” to a more paperless learning pattern with the help of computers, the Internet, and artificial intelligence.
This change is not something that can be resisted. Teachers in schools can no longer maintain the old learning patterns where everything is focused on the teacher. Like it or not, teachers have to let students learn to mingle with technology so it doesn’t go out of style. Teachers must also be able to be a bridge between students and developing technology so that these students can adapt to the new times and are not surprised when they enter the world of work.
The technological developments that affect the world of education also affect the future skills required by each field of work. Teachers must also be ready to teach these future skills so that students don’t get bogged down with the times.
Widagdo (in Sumardianta, 2018) identified at least 5 future skills that teachers must teach students in schools so that these students continue to exist in the midst of technological developments that cannot be dammed.
Creativity is related to a person’s ability to combine many ideas and be able to generate new ideas. Creativity needs to be trained from school age so that later these students are able to see things from a different perspective and can see new opportunities, so that they can produce innovative works. Students who have creativity are not easy to automate or replace with technology, so they will be able to survive in the world of work.
2. Emotional intelligence
Not only cognitive intelligence, emotional intelligence will also be highly regarded in the future. In fact, the consideration of emotional intelligence has begun to be applied to accept someone to work in a place. Emotional intelligence as a future skill referred to here takes the form of empathy, self-awareness (self awareness), and self-control (self-regulation).
In addition to the three emotional intelligences, the emotional intelligence needed in the future may continue to grow. Therefore, teachers must start teaching emotional intelligence now and be prepared to anticipate when these developments start to appear.
In this digital age, the term competition seems to have ceased to be relevant. There is only collaboration. Competing for recognition that they are better than others has begun to be abandoned by the millennial generation. Today, they collaborate more, develop their skills and combine them with the skills of others, so that they can produce works that can reach more people.
4. Solving complex problems
Solving this complex problem is related to skills. logic math in big data processing. These skills are necessary in today’s world of work where everything is related to technology.
5. Cognitive flexibility
Teachers must also begin to teach their students the ability to adapt to various environments and situations. These skills are able to train students capable of working simultaneously with different concepts and tasks. In addition, this cognitive flexibility will help students anticipate and control the possibilities that arise.
Those are five future skills that teachers need to teach students in schools. It can be useful.